Peoples and Nations

Ancient Greece Timeline

Ancient Greece Timeline

DateSummaryDetailed Information
2000 BCEFirst SettlersWandering tribes begin to settle in Greece
1600 BCEMycenaean GreeceBronze Age Greece was inhabited by the Mycenaean people. They took their name from the capital city of their land, Mycenae.
1194 BCETrojan WarThe Trojan war between the Greeks and the Trojans (inhabitants of Troy) began
1184 BCETrojan WarThe Trojan war ended when the Greeks used a wooden horse to invade and overrun the Trojan city of Troy
1100 BCEDorian InvadersMycenaean Greece was invaded by Dorian tribesmen from the north. The Dorians had iron weapons which they use to good effect to defeat and conquer the Mycenaeans.
c. 850 BCEAlphabetThe Greek alphabet was developed from the Phoenician alphabet.
c. 800 BCEHomerHomer composed his poems - the Iliad and the Odyssey. The Iliad is an epic poem set in the Trojan War while the Odyssey tells the story of the adventures of Odysseus on his return from the Trojan war.
776 BCEFirst Olympic GamesFirst recorded Olympic games. The games were held at Olympia. There was one event - the men's 200m sprint.
743 BCEFirst Messenian WarThis was a disagreement between the Messenians and the Spartans that led to war
724 BCEFirst Messenian WarThe first Messenian war ended in victory for the Spartans
650 BCERise of the TyrantsThe rule of aristocratic leaders was challenged by lesser aristocrats or wealthy tradesmen who wanted to overthrow the monopoly of the aristocrats. Known as tyrants they seized power from the aristocracy and took over rule in their stead.
621 BCEDraco's Code of LawThe laws of Athens had previously been a set of oral laws. Draco introduced a new set of harsher laws which were written down for all to read. For many crimes the punishment was death.
600 BCEMoneyThe first Greek coins appeared.
508 BCEDemocracyDemocracy began in Athens.
495 BCEPythagorasThe philosopher and mathematician, Pythagoras, died in Metapontum.
490 BCEFirst Persian WarThe First Persian war began when Persia sent an invasion force into Athens in retaliation for its participation in a Greek raid on Persia.
490 BCEBattle of MarathonThe Greeks defeated the Persians in the Battle of Marathon
480 BCESecond Persian WarThe Second Persian war began when Persia's King Xerxes led an invasion force into Greece.
August/September 480 BCEBattle of ThermopylaeThe Persians defeated the Greeks in the Battle off Thermopylae
September 480 BCEBattle of SalamisThe Greeks defeated the Persians in the Battle of Salamis
432 BCEParthenon completedThe Parthenon was completed. The temple was built in Athens to house a statue of Goddess Athena so that she could watch over the city.
431 BCEPeloponnesian WarsThe Peloponnesian wars between Athens and Sparta.
404 BCEPeloponnesian WarsAthens lost the Peloponnesian Wars. The Athenian democratic government was removed and replaced by a ruling body of 30 tyrants.
403 BCEDemocracyDemocracy was restored to Athens.
399 BCESocratesThe philosopher Socrates, founder of philosophy, was charged with impiety (being disrespectful to the Gods) he was found guilty and executed.
380 BCEAcademyThe philosopher Plato, student of Socrates, founded the Academy in Athens.
359 BCEPhilip IIPhilip II became King of Macedon
347 BCEPlatoThe philosopher, Plato, student of Socrates, founder of The Academy and author of The Republic died in Athens.
339 BCECatapultThe Catapult was invented at Syracruse
338 BCEBattle of ChaeroneaPhilip II, King of Macedon conquered Greece
338 BCELeague of CorinthThe League of Corinth, a federation of Greek states, was founded by Philip II to boost support against Persia.
336 BCEAlexander the GreatPhilip II, King of Macedon was assassinated - his son Alexander became King of Macedon. He was later known as Alexander the Great
335 BCEThe LyceumAristotle founded the Lyceum in Athens.
333 BCEPersiaAlexander conquered the Persians and declared himself King of Persia.
331 BCEEgyptAlexander conquered Egypt and made Alexandria the capital of his newly gained land
323 BCEAlexander the GreatAlexander the Great died. His son had not yet been born so his conquered lands were divided between his top generals.
322 BCEAristotleAristotle, philosopher, mathematician, student of Plato, tutor of Alexander died in Euboea.
c. 265 BCEEuclidEuclid, the inventor of geometry, died.
212 BCEArchimedesThe mathematician and engineer, Archimedes, was assassinated in Syracuse.
146 BCERoman EmpireThe Romans defeated the Greeks at the Battle of Corinth and Greece became part of the Roman Empire

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